What do Chemical Engineers Do?


It would take too long to list all the products that are impacted by chemical engineers, but knowing what industries employ them may help you comprehend the scope of their work.

Chemical Engineering Jobs, Chem jobs

What do Chemical Engineers Do?

Chemical engineers work in manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, design and construction, pulp and paper, petrochemicals, food processing, specialty chemicals, microelectronics, electronic and advanced materials, polymers, business services, biotechnology, and environmental health and safety industries, among others.

Within these industries, chemical engineers rely on their knowledge of mathematics and science—particularly chemistry— to overcome technical problems safely and economically. And, of course, they draw upon and apply their engineering knowledge to solve any technical challenges they encounter. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that chemical engineers only “make things,” though. Their expertise is also applied in the areas of law, education, publishing, finance, and medicine, as well as in many other fields that require technical training.

Specifically, chemical engineers improve food processing techniques, and methods of producing fertilizers, to increase the quantity and quality of available food.

They also construct the synthetic fibers that make our clothes more comfortable and water resistant; they develop methods to mass-produce drugs, making them more affordable; and they create safer, more efficient methods of refining petroleum products, making energy and chemical sources more productive and cost effective.

Chemical engineers also develop solutions to environmental problems, such as pollution control and remediation.

And yes, they process chemicals, which are used to make or improve just about everything you see around you.

Chemical engineers face many of the same challenges that other professionals face, and they meet these challenges by applying their technical knowledge, communication and teamwork skills; the most up-to-date practices available; and hard work. Benefits include financial reward, recognition within industry and society, and the gratification that comes from working with the processes of nature to meet the needs of society.

What is Instrumentation Engineering?


In scientific terms, instrumentation is defined as the art and science of measurement and control of process variables within a production, or manufacturing area. The science has further opened up the realm of instrumentation engineering.

The discipline of instrumentation engineering branched out of the streams of electrical and electronic engineering some time in the early part of 1970s. “It is a multi-disciplinary stream and covers subjects from various branches such as chemical, mechanical, electrical, electronics and computers,” says Prof. A. Bhujanga Rao, from the department of Instrumentation Engineering, Andhra University.

The professor adds that instrumentation engineering is a specialised branch of electrical and electronic engineering and it deals with measurement, control and automation of processes.

SCOPE

Almost all process and manufacturing industry such as steel, oil, petrochemical, power and defence production will have a separate instrumentation department, which is manned and managed by instrumentation engineers. “Automation is the buzz word in process industry, and automation is the core job of instrumentation engineers. Hence, the demand for instrumentation will always be there,” says the professor.

The growth in the avionics, aeronautical and space science sectors has also increased the scope for instrumentation engineers. Instrumentation engineers can also fit in both software and hardware sectors.

Apart from covering core subjects such as system dynamics, industrial instrumentation and process control, analytical and bio-medical instrumentation and robotics, the students deal with software and hardware topics such as microprocessor and micro controller based instrumentation, VLSI and embedded system designs, computer architecture and organisation and computer control of processes. Computer languages such as ‘C’ and Fortran are also part of the curriculum. This makes an instrumentation engineer fit for both the hardware and the software industry. Moreover, since instrumentation engineers are presumed to be good in physics, the logical ability is expected to be on the higher side, which is a basic quality needed to excel in the software industry.

The demand is so high that every student finds at least two jobs waiting in the wings, by the time he or she completes her course, says Dr. Bhujanga Rao.

Nature of work of an instrumentation engineer ranges from designing, developing, installing, managing equipments that are used to monitor and control machinery and processes.

“Though there is a demand for instrumentation engineers from the software sector, we prefer the core area, as that is where we can showcase our creativity and knowledge,” says Srinivas a third-year student.

The shift towards core sector is not only due to the opportunity to showcase ones creative talent and knowledge, but also because of the long term stability and quick growth. Bio-medical is another area that is fast catching up and there is huge requirement for instrumentation professionals.

Instrumentation engineering that made its way as an exclusive engineering discipline in the early part of 1970s was earlier known as M.Sc. Tech Instrumentation in many of the colleges. It was then a three-year PG course. Even today, it is referred to by different names by various colleges. While some call it as B. Tech- electronics and instrumentation, a few name it as B. Tech – control and instrumentation. Whatever, be the name, the curriculum is the same.

What is Electrical Engineering?


Electrical engineering is one of the newer branches of engineering, and dates back to the late 19th century. It is the branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity. Electrical engineers work on a wide range of components, devices and systems, from tiny microchips to huge power station generators.

Early experiments with electricity included primitive batteries and static charges. However, the actual design, construction and manufacturing of useful devices and systems began with the implementation of Michael Faraday’s Law of Induction, which essentially states that the voltage in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change in the magnetic field through the circuit. This law applies to the basic principles of the electric generator, the electric motor and the transformer. The advent of the modern age is marked by the introduction of electricity to homes, businesses and industry, all of which were made possible by electrical engineers.

Some of the most prominent pioneers in electrical engineering includeThomas Edison (electric light bulb), George Westinghouse (alternating current), Nikola Tesla (induction motor), Guglielmo Marconi (radio) andPhilo T. Farnsworth (television). These innovators turned ideas and concepts about electricity into practical devices and systems that ushered in the modern age.

Since its early beginnings, the field of electrical engineering has grown and branched out into a number of specialized categories, including power generation and transmission systems, motors, batteries and control systems. Electrical engineering also includes electronics, which has itself branched into an even greater number of subcategories, such as radio frequency (RF) systems, telecommunications, remote sensing, signal processing, digital circuits, instrumentation, audio, video and optoelectronics.

The field of electronics was born with the invention of the thermionic valve diode vacuum tube in 1904 by John Ambrose Fleming. The vacuum tube basically acts as a current amplifier by outputting a multiple of its input current. It was the foundation of all electronics, including radios, television and radar, until the mid-20th century. It was largely supplanted by the transistor, which was developed in 1947 at AT&T’s Bell Laboratories by William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, for which they received the 1956 Nobel Prize in physics.

Masters Opportunities through GATE 2016 or without GATE 2016 for Chemical Engineering


Hello Guys, You’re looking for admission in Masters after GATE 2016 Results.
For M.Tech admissions in IITs, you have to apply in each IIT separately, and the forms will be available just after GATE Result i.e. March 19, 2016. (Please visit the sites ASAP because the application deadline may come).
the Priority wise list of IITs is as follows:
than there new IITs, you can visit there websites.
you can apply in M.S., M.Tech(TA) or M.Tech (RA) in Chemical engineering or other disciplines like:
  • Energy Systems and Engineering
  • Environmental Science & Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering and Operations Research
  • Materials, Manufacturing and Modeling
  •  Material Science
  • Process Engineering
  • Steel Technology
  • Corrosion Science & Engineering
  • Systems & Control Engineering
  • Textile Technology
  • Atmospheric Sciences
  • Polymer Science and Engineering
  • Petroleum engg.
and many more….
 
 
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and yes, there are two more colleges equivalent to IIT Bombay as follows:.
 
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For admissions in NITs, you may apply for Centralized Counselling for M.Tech (CCMT 2016)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Here is one of the opportunity for you,
this is the institute where you get specialization in “Industrial engineering or Safety” etc. it is one of the better institute in INDIA.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
If you’re looking for other than GATE, than there is the list of private colleges, you can join for M.Tech:
 
etc…
for more details you can mail us at helpdesk.tgc@gmail.com
And please do discuss after your GATE results whatever it is, so that we can guide you better opportunities as per your GATE Score.

All about GATE 2017


What is GATE?

  • The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE 2017 Committee comprising faculty from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordinating Board – GATE, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MoHRD), and Government of India.

#GATE 2017 Test Conduction

  • GATE is generally conducted on the second Sunday of February every year and the results announced in the middle of March.

How to apply for @GATE?

  • There is only one way by which candidates can apply for GATE 2017 examination – Online.

@GATE 2017 Examination Structure

A candidate can apply for only ONE of the 21 papers

  • The candidate is expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of his/her qualifying degree.
  • The candidate is; however, free to choose any paper according to his/her admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which he/she wishes to seek admission.

About #Gate 2017

Pattern of Question Papers and Marking Scheme

  • The examination will be carried out ONLINE.
  • For all  papers, the candidates will have to mark the correct choice on an Optical Response Sheet (ORS) by darkening the appropriate bubble against each question.
  • In the ONLINE papers, the question paper will consist of questions of multiple choice type and numerical answer type. For multiple choice type questions, each question will have four choices for the answer. For numerical answer type questions, each question will have a number as the answer and choices will not be given.

@GATE 2017 would contain questions of four different types in various papers:

  • Multiple choice questions carrying 1 or 2 marks each.
  • Common data questions, where two successive questions use the same set of input data.
  • Linked answer questions, where the answer to the first question of the pair is required in order to answer its successor.
  • Numerical answer questions, where the answer is a number, to be entered by the candidate.
  • Examples of such questions can be found in Question Types.

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying 15 marks in General Aptitude (GA) are compulsory.

  • In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, GG, IN, ME, MN, MT, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry 15 % of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15 % of the total marks and the remaining 70 % of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
  • In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15 % of the total marks and the remaining 85 % of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

About Gate 2017

Marking

33 % of Negative marking in applicable. Eg: 1 mark MCQ-1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Similarly for 2 marks multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

How GATE 2017 score is calculated?

GATE Score  = 

Expansion of equation:

ag = Global average of marks of all candidates who appeared across all papers and years

sg = global standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared across all papers and years

m = marks obtained by the candidate.

a = average of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard in GATE

s = standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard in GATE

The maximum score can be attained is 1000.

  • The evaluation of the ORS is carried out by a computerized process using scanning machines, with utmost care. Requests for revaluation of the answer script and re-totaling of marks will not be entertained.
  • GATE 2017 score card is valid for three years.

 

About Gate 2017

 

GATE 2017 Eligibility

  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/Technology/Architecture (Post-B.Sc./Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/Mathematics/ Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Master’s degree program (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by Institute of Engineers (India); AMICE by Institute of Civil Engineers (India)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

Advantages of Gate 2017

 

PSU/ Government Jobs – Direct calls

  • NTPC, BHEL, BARC, IOCL, Power Grid calls for interview based on GATE 2017 score, In future most of the PSUs companies will consider GATE score for recruitment

Government Sector Jobs entrance exams

  • DRDO, ONGC, SAIL, BSNL-JTO, HAL, NAL, HPCL etc – more than 10,000 vacancies, Syllabus is subset of GATE 2017 syllabus. Hence GATE 2017 preparation enough to crack these exams. Research based jobs- DRDO, Job stability & high paying salary – E.g… 7 lacs per annum – IOCL (Employment News is the source of information )

Private Sectors Jobs – Interview

  • GATE score helps students during campus placement. More no. of GATE qualifiers establishes.

MBA: Admission in NITIE, Mumbai

  • Industrial Engineering program in top 10 institute of the countryAdmissions to IIMs: Fellow ship program
  • Fellowship program is equivalent PhD. Stipend: 22000/- per month Study Abroad: Singapore, Germany & New Zealand
  • NUS, NTU Singapore accepts GATE 2017 score

Better Academic Results

  • Pre-final / final year students

Advantage of GATE 2017

Mandatory for self-financing students

  • Students with GATE 2017score are preferred as they create funds for Private colleges.

Project Assistance ship at NTs /HSc and NITs

  • Students with lower GATE 2017 score but have zeal to do research get opportunity in labs of Premier institutes. Students can get into MS course from Assistance ship

Higher Technical Education- ME, MTech, MS & PhD

  • HSc, HTs, NITs, Central University, Govt. Colleges, Private colleges more than 10,000 seats,
  • Stipend 8000/- per month (Masters) & 16000/- per month (PhD)

Other PG Entrance Exams in India

Name of the Exam Type of Exam Syllabus Examination Dates No. of Seats
GATE- National Level Exam Objective-MCQ (negative marking) Standard University Syllabus + General Aptitude February >9,000
State Level Exam Objective-MCQ (no negative marking) Same as GATE June-July >2000
University PG entrance Objective- MCQ Same as GATE June – July >1500
HSc. Entrance Exams Objective + Subjective Same as GATE May-June >200
HTs Entrance Exams Objective + Subjective Same as GATE May-June >1000

 

Guidelines For Gate

  • In GATE, candidates need to register and fill the application ONLINE only by accessing the GATE websites

of HSc and seven NTs. (Refer Counselor Guide of complete info)

Pre-final Year Students

  • Pre-final year students are not eligible to write GATE 2017. Admit Card
  • Admit card can be downloaded ONLY from the zonal GATE 2017 websites.
  • Candidates will not be permitted to take the test if original and valid photo identification is not presented.

 

FAQ’s

Can you list the zones of the prestigious IIT institutes?

  • GATE2017  is conducted through the constitution of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are:
  • Zone 1 – Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
  • Zone 2 – Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Zone 3 – Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
  • Zone 4 – Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
  • Zone 5 – Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
  • Zone 6 – Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  • Zone 7 – Indian Institute of Technology Madras
  • Zone 8 – Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

 

How many times can I attempt GATE?

  • Number of attempts is not restricted. The best of the valid GATE 2017 score is accepted which we provide in application form. The GATE 2017 score is valid for 3 years.

Is there age limit for taking GATE 2017 examination?

  • There is no age limit.

Eligibility in terms of percentage marks to take up the GATE 2017 examination?

  • The candidate should have a PASS certificate from a recognized university.

What is the time required to prepare for GATE 2017 examination?

You can spend 6-12 months to prepare for GATE

FAQ’s

Can you provide the Engineering Colleges admission procedures?

  • There are around 300 colleges and therefore cutoffs are not often revealed by institutes. You can refer to Post gate 2017 admission guide which lists cutoffs for various lISc, IITs and NITs time to time.

 

What is the placement scenario and how much they do the companies offer?

  • This is a dynamic kind of information that varies with stream, specialization, the institute and the industry with every particular year.

 

What are the options for a Mechanical Engineering student to o for software specialization of any related subject?

  • Post gate admission guide will give you a better idea of what branches are interdisciplinary. However, the details vary from institute to institute. In general if you are changing branches, your admission will be possible in interdisciplinary specializations only.

 

Which I IT is conducting GATE 2017 this year?

  • It varies from year to year. GATE 2017 was conducted by IISc banglore.

 

Can a person holding MBA in [Information Systems] be eligible to GATE?

  • The basic requirement for GATE is an Engineering degree or MSc. If the person has an engineering degree, he can give the exam, otherwise not possible If a candidate appears for GATE twice which score will be considered?
  • The higher score you have secured of the two will be considered automatically once you fill-up the form. Can you tell us the Fee and stipend details of various institutes?
  • Fees – Rs. 25,000 to 52,000 per annum.
  • Stipend – Rs. 12400/- per month (Masters) & 20000/- per month (PhD). Admission brochure can be referred for more details of the particular institute. Give us the details of reservation in various institutes?
  • All reservations will be considered as mandatory by the law. Can you tell us the typical Cut-off Marks?
  • The following can be considered as tentative cut-off marks:

Above 55-IITs, IISc

Above 50-NITs

Above 50-PSU calls

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