Group Task for PSUs


GROUP TASK FOR PSUs

Basically group task is almost similar as a group discussion, but the result of the group task reveals a lot about each candidates and their personality which a group discussion fails to.

In a group task, the group is given a simple task to be completed in some given time and the candidates are expected to solve not only the problems and difficulties related to the given task but also some real life problems like working under pressure, handling a team without having prior knowledge of doing so, coming to a single efficient solution when everyone else in the team have their own ideas.

A group task is more alike to judge you on factors like leadership qualities, team spirit, creativity and problem solving ability and many such. Though you think it’s a group task but your every move is monitored along with your attitude towards the problem, and as well as towards the given situation.

Introduction

A group task is effectively an evaluation of candidate on psychological parameters and it helps the examiner understand how the candidates behave and act in a group, how their behaviour alters in a group. There are a number of social dimensions and values that come into the picture when we start to deal with a group and this is reflected in a group task. The leadership qualities of an individual also come to the fore in a group task.

Group tasks are activities where a defined group of individuals need to perform a defined task and accomplish the goals assigned to them. Group members are expected to pitch in a variety of ways. They need to identify the nature of the problem, the best ways of dealing with it, provide specific facts and inputs that might be helpful in solving the problem, and ensure that communication channels are always open. Group tasks provide an opportunity to check the interpersonal skills of candidates and to check their commitment levels. Group members’ nature and degree of participation will help establish the kind of role they play in a group. Overall, the behaviour of a group is dictated by the members and this determines how the group acts. For example, in some groups, members go out of their way to help others whereas in other groups self cantered individuals dominate.

Why are Group Tasks conducted?

B-Schools / Organisation use Group Tasks/Group Exercises to test team work, interpersonal communication skills and the planning ability of the candidates. The panel needs to know if one can mix well with others; sometimes business simulated exercises are also given to test candidate’s performance in real managerial situations. In such exercises, a candidate’s ability to work in a team is put to test, while testing his convincing power and reasoning ability. The task is assigned to the group by the panelists in such a way that all get equal opportunity to perform to the best of their abilities, express themselves and give suggestions when asked for. Leadership skills , good team working skills , strong reasoning and decision making skills, negotiating skills, taking initiative , facilitating others to perform and speak ,showing a positive attitude, staying motivated (Intensity, Direction and Perseverance) are some of the traits a Team player must possess in order to successfully accomplish the task and get selected.

The candidate may be given an indoor practical task, outdoor group exercise, case studies, presentations, creating a proposal, performing skits, role plays and so on. Certain B schools and PSU evaluate candidates through such along with other selection tools. In one such exercise students were asked to organise an event for the B school. Other activities included forming a railway platform with a stack of papers provided, analyzing a situation or a picture, selling a product or preparing an election campaign.

B-Schools use Group Tasks/Group Exercises to evaluate candidates on:

  • Leadership skills
  • Organizing Ability
  • Initiative
  • Cooperation
  • Negotiation skills
  • Liveliness
  • Determination
  • Decision Making Ability
  • Confidence
  • Attitude
  • Perseverance
  • Reasoning Ability
  • Persuasiveness
  • Perseverance
  • Motivation

Past Group Exercise Experiences

A group of 8 students were blindfolded and then given a twisted rope. They were asked to arrange themselves in such a way as to form an 8 pointed star. Similarly, the group members were asked to arrange themselves and form a square.

  • There was a brick lying on the floor and the team members were asked to stand one above another on it.
  • The team members were given a card board, chart paper, pencil to create any structure out of the materials provided, length being 150mm.

Tips for performing Group Activities:

  • Listen attentively and make notes of the information provided.
  • Divide the task into bundle of activities so that the whole team can work together (plan a work breakdown structure).
  • Stay focused on the goal and remembers team working skills are being tested.
  • Try to create an environment where communicating with team mates, taking reasonable risks and actions is possible.
  • Creativity, participative leadership, thinking out of the box and strong reasoning is required to complete the task.
  • Take initiative but don’t underestimate your team mates. True that the team’s success would be your success but be slightly diplomatic since this a competition and you will be evaluated individually.
  • Remember Synergy is important for achieving goal (1+1 = 3).
  • Its observed that any group formation has generally these 5 stages(Tuckman’s Model):
    • o FORMING: Getting Acquainted and Establishing Ground rules
    • o STORMING: Showing of hostilities and Resisting control by Group Leader
    • o NORMING: Start working and developing close relationships
    • o PERFORMING: Working towards goal achievement
    • o ADJOURNING: Post task completion
  • Have confidence in what you do and persevere (don’t give up till the last minute).
  • Perform your role keeping in mind that you are being observed by the panel.

It is important to know that that the rationale behind group tasks is to check the candidate’s competence on team building skills, Leadership, handling pressure, etc. The contemporary management practices emphasize more on Team work now, since managers need to handle live projects. So these team activities are an attempt to simulate actual managerial dilemmas, an insight into real corporate complexities.

HPCL EXAMPLE

Case 1: a Xerox machine needs to be manufactured which should give colored copies but the cost of these colored copies should be less than general black and white copy. The manufacturing cost of that new photo copying machine needs to be reduced in order to increase the profit of company. To reduce manufacturing cost low cost components are used which degrades the quality of copy. But only 30 % people can detect those degraded changes while rest 70% people don’t predict the change. We need to give a solution for this whether to reduce the cost of manufacturing for benefits of company or not

Case 2: You are head of a company. A person XYZ is working in your company. But few of his colleagues complain about him that he doesn’t work full time and works only 3-4 days in a week. Apart from this they also complain that he does some part time side business which is gaining him more profit. But his performance is far better than other and is providing profits to the company. What action will you take?

Case 3: You are head of company. Your company wants to replace a new technology XYZ with the old one ABC. License of your old technology expires in few months and needs to to be renewed. The employers are used to old technology and don’t need any formal training for the same. The new technology requires lots of training and for this the employers must work over time. But employers are not ready to do over time. What solutions will you provide to company?

Some times in group task they basically give you a comprehensive paragraph to read in which you are one of the candidate in that story. In one case there was this plane crash situation which was crashed in that desert stating number of survivors and items that we are left with us in order to survive. Now after this dreadful situation we were required to recommend the whole strategy by which we will survive by consensus among ourselves. We were given 20 minutes for discussion and 10 minutes for giving the conclusion. This was the GT off GATE Exam.

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What is Mechanical Engineering?


Mechanical engineering is a diverse subject that derives its breadth from the need to design and manufacture everything from small individual parts and devices (e.g., microscale sensors and inkjet printer nozzles) to large systems (e.g., spacecraft and machine tools). The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the marketplace. In order to accomplish this, a broad range of skills are needed. The mechanical engineer needs to acquire particular skills and knowledge. He/she needs to understand the forces and the thermal environment that a product, its parts, or its subsystems will encounter; to design them for functionality, aesthetics, and the ability to withstand the forces and the thermal environment they will be subjected to; and to determine the best way to manufacture them and ensure they will operate without failure. Perhaps the one skill that is the mechanical engineer’s exclusive domain is the ability to analyze and design objects and systems with motion.

Since these skills are required for virtually everything that is made, mechanical engineering is perhaps the broadest and most diverse of engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers play a central role in such industries as automotive (from the car chassis to its every subsystem—engine, transmission, sensors); aerospace (airplanes, aircraft engines, control systems for airplanes and spacecraft); biotechnology (implants, prosthetic devices, fluidic systems for pharmaceutical industries); computers and electronics (disk drives, printers, cooling systems, semiconductor tools); microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS (sensors, actuators, micropower generation); energy conversion (gas turbines, wind turbines, solar energy, fuel cells); environmental control (HVAC, air-conditioning, refrigeration, compressors); automation (robots, data and image acquisition, recognition, control); manufacturing (machining, machine tools, prototyping, microfabrication).

To put it simply, mechanical engineering deals with anything that moves, including the human body, a very complex machine. Mechanical engineers learn about materials, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat transfer, control, instrumentation, design, and manufacturing to understand mechanical systems. Specialized mechanical engineering subjects include biomechanics, cartilage-tissue engineering, energy conversion, laser-assisted materials processing, combustion, MEMS, microfluidic devices, fracture mechanics, nanomechanics, mechanisms, micropower generation, tribology (friction and wear), and vibrations. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) currently lists 36 technical divisions, from advanced energy systems and aerospace engineering to solid-waste engineering and textile engineering.

The breadth of the mechanical engineering discipline allows students a variety of career options beyond some of the industries listed above. Regardless of the particular path they envision for themselves after they graduate, their education will have provided them with the creative thinking that allows them to design an exciting product or system, the analytical tools to achieve their design goals, the ability to overcome all constraints, and the teamwork needed to design, market, and produce a system. These valuable skills could also launch a career in medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, finance, and so on.

For those interested in applied scientific and mathematical aspects of the discipline, graduate study in mechanical engineering can lead to a career of research and teaching.

Job : Mechanical Engineers


Mechanical engineer:Job description

Mechanical engineers provide efficient solutions to the development of processes and products,

ranging from small component designs to extremely large plant, machinery or vehicles.

They can work on all stages of a product, from research and development to design and manufacture,

through to installation and final commissioning.

Most industries rely on a form of mechanical systems and mechanical engineering is thought to be

one of the most diverse of all engineering disciplines. Due to this, there are employment opportunities

in a wide range of sectors, including:

 manufacturing;

 power;

 construction;

 medical.

Mechanical engineers can be involved in the management of people and resources, as well as the

development and use of new materials and technologies.

Typical work activities

Projects that mechanical engineers work on can vary significantly, from researching and developing

medical products (such as mechanical hearts), to improving production processes in large oil

refineries or designing services within buildings.

Across all sectors, tasks generally include:

 designing and implementing cost-effective equipment modifications to help improve safety and

reliability;

 developing a project specification with colleagues, often including those from other engineering

disciplines;

 developing, testing and evaluating theoretical designs;

 discussing and solving complex problems with manufacturing departments, sub-contractors,

suppliers and customers;

 making sure a product can be made reliably and will perform consistently in specified operating

environments;

 managing projects using engineering principles and techniques;

 planning and designing new production processes;

 producing details of specifications and outline designs;

 recommending modifications following prototype test results;

 using research, analytical, conceptual and planning skills, particularly mathematical modelling

and computer-aided design;

 considering the implications of issues such as cost, safety and time constraints;

 working with other professionals, within and outside the engineering sector;

 monitoring and commissioning plant and systems.

Mechanical engineer:Salary and conditions

 Starting salaries for mechanical engineers and for those on graduate training schemes are in the

range of $20,000 to $28,000.

 With experience this can increase to between $25,000 and $35,000. At a mid-level for lead or

principle engineers salaries are around $35,000 to $50,000.

 When a senior level is reached, such as chief engineer, salaries of $45,000 to $

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60,000+ can be

achieved.

 Salaries vary from company to company and some sectors attract higher salaries, according to

demand.

 Working hours typically include regular extra hours, but not usually weekends or shifts.

 The work is mainly office-based with regular visits to plants, factories, workshops or building

sites. Factory production areas can be noisy.

 Self-employment and freelance work are possible for qualified engineers with a good track record

and experience. Short-term contract or consulting work is also possible, often arranged through

agencies.

 Women are currently under-represented within chartered engineering, although there are

initiatives in place to try and encourage more women into the industry, such

as WISEand Women’s Engineering

 Opportunities are usually available in towns and cities that have a strong manufacturing or

research base, or in regions where there is a local facility that supports specialist engineering.

 Work is often to deadlines, particularly in consultancy work.

 Dress code can vary from smart for office-based work to a hard hat and overalls when working

on site.

 Travel within a working day is frequent. Absence from home overnight and overseas work or

travel may be required, depending on the employer and nature of the business.

 There are many opportunities to work abroad, particularly throughout Europe, Asia, the Middle

East and Australia. It is possible to gain professional recognition in other European countries and

chartered engineers can apply for European engineer status (Eur Ing).

Mechanical engineer:Related jobs

 Aerospace engineer

 Automotive engineer

 Biomedical engineer

 Building services engineer

 Control and instrumentation engineer

 Drilling engineer

 Energy engineer

 Manufacturing systems engineer

 Naval architect

 Technical sales engineer

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